LONDON: Britain on Monday (Oct 10) ramped up efforts to calm markets after a heavily criticised budget, with the government bringing forward key economic forecasts and the Bank of England boosting liquidity.
Finance minister Kwasi Kwarteng will unveil debt-slashing plans and predictions sooner than expected, after markets chaos sparked by his borrowing-fuelled budget at the end of September.
In a U-turn, Kwarteng revealed he would publish his medium-term fiscal plan alongside the forecasts on Oct 31 rather than in late November.
It comes after the chancellor of the exchequer was already forced to axe a tax cut for the richest earners, in the face of outrage as millions of Britons face a cost-of-living crisis with UK inflation around 10 per cent.
Markets have been spooked by the budget from the government of new Prime Minister Liz Truss, who has also unveiled a costly energy price freeze for households and businesses.
The plans that are aimed at supporting Britain’s recession-threatened economy sent UK bond yields soaring and the pound tumbling to a record low against the dollar.
BANK OF ENGLAND ACTION
The Bank of England earlier Monday revealed it was launching a temporary facility aimed at easing liquidity pressures that arose after the budget shocked markets.
The BoE in a statement announced “additional measures to support market functioning”.
It added that the central bank was ready to increase the size of its UK government bond purchases under an emergency measure due to end Friday.
The BoE said it was launching a Temporary Expanded Collateral Repo Facility, enabling “banks to help to ease liquidity pressures facing” client funds beyond the end of this week.
The budget turmoil triggered the emergency buying of long-dated bonds by the BoE.
The central bank has so far made purchases of so-called gilts totalling around £5 billion (US$5.5 billion), far less than its £65-billion limit, under a plan ending Friday.
The purchases are “to restore market functioning in long-dated government bonds and reduce risks from contagion to credit conditions for UK households and businesses”, the BoE stressed in its statement Monday.
The budget was widely criticised, including by the International Monetary Fund, over fears that government debt would balloon to pay for the tax cuts.
Fitch last week lowered the outlook on its credit rating for British government debt to negative from stable.
The pound was down against the dollar Monday but above the record-low level that was close to parity.
CALM FOR NOW
Britain’s turbulent bond market meanwhile remains elevated on stubborn debt concerns.
The yield on 30-year UK government bonds, which spiked to 5.14 per cent following the budget, stood at 4.48 per cent on Monday.
“The central bank’s action has helped to calm government debt markets but there are concerns about what happens next week after the BoE’s support package ends,” noted Victoria Scholar, head of investment at Interactive Investor.
Monday’s intervention comes as Britain suffers a cost-of-living crisis caused by the highest inflation in decades after energy and food prices have rocketed this year.
The BoE has piled on further pressure by hiking its main interest rate to a 14-year high in a bid to cool inflation.
This in turn has seen retail banks ramp up interest rates on mortgages, with analysts predicting heavy price falls for homes.