JAKARTA: Indonesia’s central bank raised its key policy rate on Thursday (Dec 22), its fifth rate hike since August and widely expected by markets, as it aims to bring inflation back within target next year.
Bank Indonesia (BI) hiked the benchmark 7-day reverse repurchase rate by 25 basis points (bps) to 5.50 per cent, as expected by the majority of economists polled by Reuters.
The central bank has raised interest rates by a total of 200 bps since August, including three back-to-back 50-bp increases in the previous three monetary meetings.
“The decision to increase interest rates in a more measured manner is a follow-up step for a front-loaded, pre-emptive and forward-looking way to ensure the continued decline in inflation and inflation expectations, so that core inflation is maintained within the range of 2 per cent to 4 per cent,” Bank Indonesia Governor Perry Warjiyo said.
The inflation rate in Southeast Asia’s largest economy jumped in September to a seven-year high of 5.95 per cent, after the government raised subsidised fuel prices early that month.
Inflation has since cooled, but November’s rate of 5.42 per cent remained above the central bank’s 2 per cent to 4 per cent target range.
Warjiyo on Wednesday said headline inflation was expected to stay around 5.4 per cent in December and come down to 3 per cent at the end of next year.
The rupiah was broadly unchanged against the dollar and moving within a tight range after the announcement. It has fallen around 9 per cent this year, with the US currency buoyed by the Federal Reserve’s aggressive monetary tightening.
Warjiyo has said he expected the rupiah to strengthen next year, predicting global financial markets would be less volatile once major central banks are done with their monetary tightening.
On Thursday he said the pressure on the rupiah had eased in November and December.
For gross domestic product growth, the central bank’s outlook had a bias towards the upper end of a 4.5 per cent to 5.3 per cent range in 2022, Warjiyo said, and with GDP growth in the middle of that same band next year.
Capital Economics said that signalled more rate hikes ahead from BI before an end to its tightening spell early next year.
“This should give the central bank the confidence to press ahead with more rate increases in the near term,” it said in a client note.
“We expect a further 50 bps of total hikes over the coming months before the central bank brings its tightening cycle to a close in early 2023.”