IBM beats first-quarter profit estimates, signals demand holding up

IBM beats first-quarter profit estimates, signals demand holding up
FILE PHOTO: The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) logo is displayed, during the GSMA’s 2023 Mobile World Congress (MWC) in Barcelona, Spain March 1, 2023. REUTERS/Nacho Doce

IBM beat Wall Street expectations for first-quarter profit on Wednesday (Apr 19) and signalled demand for IT services was better than feared, sending shares up 3.5 per cent after the bell.

The company’s software and consulting businesses rose 6 per cent and 8.2 per cent, respectively, at constant currency in the first quarter, in line with IBM’s targets. Big Blue also reiterated its full-year free cash flow forecast of US$10.5 billion.

“Investors blew a sigh of relief that IBM’s quarterly update was better than feared,” said Jesse Cohen, senior analyst at

The IT industry is facing a slowdown after a post-pandemic surge in demand for services such as consulting, as high inflation and interest rates have forced customers to put the brakes on spending. Growth at IBM’s consulting and software business has also slowed down from the mid-to-high teens it saw last year.

IBM Chief Executive Officer Arvind Krishna said clients were prioritizing digital transformation projects that focus on “cost takeout, productivity and quick returns”, mirroring comments by Accenture executives last month.

As a result, IBM cut its full-year consulting revenue growth forecast to 6 per cent-8 per cent from earlier expectations of high single-digit percentage growth.

It forecast annual revenue growth between 3 per cent and 5 per cent at constant currency, having said in January it expected revenue to rise at the lower-end of its mid-single-digit target. Analysts on average expect a 3.6 per cent growth, according to Refinitiv data.

Analysts, however, believe IBM is better equipped to weather cuts in corporate IT spending.

IBM also has less exposure to US regional banks and is largely shielded from the banking crisis in the country, with Chief Financial Officer James Kavanaugh noting regional banks make up less than 1 per cent of the company’s revenue in the United States.

Total revenue in the first quarter rose 4.4 per cent at constant currency to US$14.25 billion, compared with analysts’ estimate of US$14.35 billion.

Excluding items, it reported earnings of US$1.36 per share, beating estimates of US$1.26.

Source: Reuters